A Note on Sources & Bibliography



Our research for this book is based primarily from examining thousands of pages of contemporaneous primary source materials found in the following archives: Timothy Leary Papers/New York Public Library; Richard Nixon Presidential Library; the National Archives and Records Administration; White House Recordings from the Miller Center/University of Virginia; Federal Bureau of Investigation papers on Timothy Leary; Department of State Archives; Eldridge Cleaver Papers/University of California, Berkeley; Federal Bureau of Investigation papers on “Black Extremists”; Nixon Administration national security files relating to Algeria (via NARA); Ronald Reagan Presidential Library; Eldridge Cleaver Papers/Texas A&M University; Huey Newton Papers/Stanford University; Clayton Van Lydegraf papers/University of Washington; Stew Albert and Judy Gumbo Albert Papers/University of Michigan.

This archival research was supplemented by hundreds of newspaper articles, dozens of books, and interviews. A complete list of endnotes is also provided on this website.

The major books, articles, interviews, websites, films, and research databases used in the research are identified below: Many contemporaneous newspaper and magazines were searched through ProQuest, Ebsco, Lexis-Nexis, and Google, which allows historical access to papers ranging from the New York Times and Washington Post to alternative media such as the Village Voice and Berkeley Barb (1965-1980).



The Sixties Papers: Documents of a Rebellious Decade by Judith Clavir Albert and Stew Albert. Praeger, 1984.


Who the Hell is Stew Albert?: A Memoir by Stew Albert. Red Hen Press, 2004.


Nixon Volume II: The Triumph of a Politician 1962-1972 by Stephen E. Ambrose. Simon & Schuster, 1989.


Peace, War, and Politics by Jack Anderson. Forge 1999.


Fugitive Days: A Memoir by Bill Ayers. Beacon, 2001.


The Road of Excess: A Psychedelic Autobiography by Brian Barritt. PSI Publishing, 1998.


Smoke and Mirrors: The War on Drugs and The Politics of Failure by Dan Baum. Little, Brown and Company, 1996.


Outlaws of America: The Weather Underground and the Politics of Solidarity by Dan Berger. AK Press, 2005.


The Nixon Tapes: 1973 ed. by Douglas Brinkley and Luke Nichter. Houghton-Mifflin, 2015.


A Taste of Power: A Black Woman's Story by Elaine Brown. Pantheon, 1993.


Whatever Happened to Timothy Leary? by John Bryan. Renaisence Press 1980.


Stalking the Caravan: A Drug Agent in Afghanistan 1971-1973

by Terrence Burke. La Plata Books, 2015.


Days of Rage: America's Radical Underground, the FBI, and the Forgotten Age of Revolutionary Violence by Bryan Burrough. Penguin, 2015.


Governor Reagan: His Rise to Power by Lou Cannon. PublicAffairs, 2003.


Sixties Radicals, Then and Now: Candid Conversations with Those Who Shaped the Era by Ron Chepesiuk. McFarland, 1995.


Eldridge Cleaver: Post-Prison Writings and Speeches by Eldridge Cleaver. Random House, 1969.


Soul on fire by Eldridge Cleaver. Word Books, 1978.


Soul on Ice by Eldridge Cleaver. McGraw-Hill, 1968.


Target Zero: A Life in Writing by Eldridge Cleaver, edited by Kathleen Cleaver. St. Martin’s Press, 2006.


Liberation, Imagination, and the Black Panther Party: A New Look at the Panthers and Their Legacy by Kathleen Cleaver and George Katsiaficas. Routledge, 2001.


Destructive Generation: Second Thoughts About the ‘60s by Peter Collier and David Horowitz. Free Press Paperbacks, 1996.


White Hand Society, The Psychedelic Partnership of Timothy Leary & Allen Ginsberg by Peter Conners. City Lights Books, 2010.


Timothy Leary: Outside Looking In: Appreciations, Castigations, and Reminiscences by Ram Dass, Andrew Weil, Allen Ginsberg, Winona Ryder, William Burroughs, ... Huston Smith, Hunter S. Thompson, and Others Edited by Robert Forte


The Nixon Defense: What He Knew and When He Knew It by John W. Dean. Viking, 2014.


Sing a Battle Song: The Revolutionary Poetry, Statements, and Communiques of the Weather Underground 1970-1974 by Bernardine Dohrn and Bill Ayers. Seven Stories Press, 2006.


Poisoning the Press: Richard Nixon, Jack Anderson, and the Rise of Washington’s Scandal Culture by Mark Feldstein. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2010.


How We Got Here: The 70's: The Decade that Brought You Modern Life (For Better or Worse) by David Frum. Basic Books, 2000.


The Last Days of the Late, Great State of California by Curt Gentry. Ballantine, 1975.


Bringing down America: an FBI informer with the Weathermen by Larry Grathwohl. Arlington House, 1976.


A Day in the Life: One Family, the Beautiful People, and the End of the Sixties by Robert Greenfield. Da Capo Press, 2009.


Timothy Leary: A Biography by Robert Greenfield. Harcourt, 2006.


Mystic Chemist: The Life of Albert Hofmann and his discovery of LSD by Dieter Hagenbach and Lucius Werthmüller. Synergistic, 2013.


The Haldeman Diaries: Inside the Nixon White House by H.R. Haldeman. G.P. Putnam’s, 1994.


Tripping the Bardo with Timothy Leary: My Psychedelic Love Story by Joanna Harcourt-Smith. CreateSpace Independent Publishing, 2013.


Strictly Ghetto Property: The Story of Los Siete de la Raza by Marjorie Heines. Ramparts, 1972.


Political Violence and Terrorism in Modern America: A Chronology by Christopher Hewitt. Praeger Security International, 2005.


I Have America Surrounded by John Higgs. Thistle Publishing, 2013.


Huey: Spirit of the Panther By David Hilliard with Keith Zimmerman & Kent Zimmerman. Thunder’s Mouth Press, 2005.


The Autobiography of Abbie Hoffman by Abbie Hoffman. Da Capo Press, 2000.


Rational Mysticism: Spirituality Meets Science in the Search for Enlightenment by John Horgan. Houghton-Mifflin, 2003.


An Annotated Bibliography of Timothy Leary by Michael Horowitz. Forgotten Books, 2012.


Chasing Shadows: The Nixon tapes, the Chennault affair, and the Origins of Watergate by Ken Hughes. University of Virginia Press, 2015.


The Way the Wind Blew: A History of the Weather Underground by Ron Jacobs. Verso, 1997.


Abbie Hoffman, American Rebel by Marty Jezer. Rutgers University Press, 1993.


The Black Panther Party (Reconsidered) edited by Charles E. Jones. Black Classic Press, 2005.


A Radical Line: From the Labor Movement to the Weather Underground by Thai Jones. Free Press, 2004.


Waiting ‘Til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America by Peniel E. Joseph. Henry Holt and Co., 2006.


1973 Nervous Breakdown: Watergate, Warhol, and the Birth of Post-Sixties America by Andreas Killen. Bloomsbury, 2007.


The Skies Belong to Us: Love and Terror in the Golden Age of Hijacking by Brendan I. Koerner. Crown, 2013.


Integrity: Good People, Bad Choices, and Life Lessons from the White House by Egil “Bud” Krogh. PublicAffairs, 2007.


The Briar Patch by Murray Kempton. E.P. Dutton Co, New York, 1973.


First Family Detail by Ronald Kessler. Crown Forum, 2014.


The Long March: How the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s Changed America by Roger Kimball. Encounter Books, 2001.


Paul Krassner’s Psychedelic Trips for the Mind edited by Paul Krassner. High Times Books, 2001.


Books by Timothy Leary (in chronological order)


The Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality by Timothy Leary. The Ronald Press, 1957.


The Psychedelic Experience: A Manual Based on the Tibetan Book of the Dead by Timothy Leary, Ralph Metzner and Richard Alpert. University Books, 1964.


The Politics of Ecstasy by Timothy Leary. College Notes & Text, 1968.


High Priest by Timothy Leary. College Notes & Text, 1968.


Jail Notes by Timothy Leary. Douglas Books, 1970.


Confessions of a Hope Fiend by Timothy Leary. Bantam Books, 1973.


Neurologic by Timothy Leary. Joanna Leary, 1973


StarSeed by Timothy Leary. Level Press, 1973.


What Does WoMan Want? by Timothy Leary. 88 Books, 1976.


Neuropolitics: The Sociobiology of Human Metamorphosis by Timothy Leary. StarSeed/Peace Press, 1977.


The Game of Life by Timothy Leary. Peace Press, 1979.


The Intelligence Agents by Timothy Leary. Peace Press, 1979.


Changing My Mind Among Others by Timothy Leary. Prentice Hall, 1982.


Flashbacks by Timothy Leary. Tarcher, 1983.


Turn On, Tune In, Drop Out by Timothy Leary. Ronin Press, 1999.


The Politics of Psychopharmacology by Timothy Leary. Ronin Press, 2002.


Leary on Drugs: New Material from the Archives! Advice, Humor and Wisdom from the Godfather of Psychedelia by Timothy Leary. Re/search Publications, 2009.


Acid Dreams: The CIA, LSD and the Sixties Rebellion by Martin A. Lee and Bruce Shlain. Grove Press, 1985.


Will by G. Gordon Liddy. St. Martin’s, 1980.


Conversation with Eldridge Cleaver: Algiers by Lee Lockwood. McGraw-Hill, 1970.


A Piece of Tape; the Watergate Story: Fact and Fiction by James W. McCord. Washington Media Services, 1974.


Eldridge Cleaver Reborn by John A. Oliver. Logos International, 1977.


MH/CHAOS: The CIA’s Campaign against the Radical New Left and the Black Panthers by Frank J. Rafalko. Naval Institute Press, 2011.


Out of the Whale: Growing up in the American Left: An Autobiography by Jonah Raskin. Links, 1974.


President Nixon: Alone in the White House by Richard Reeves. Simon & Schuster, 2001.


January 1973: Watergate, Roe v. Wade, Vietnam, and the Month That Changed America Forever by James Robenalt. Chicago Review Press, 2015.


The Age of Paranoia: How the Sixties Ended by the Editors of Rolling Stone. Pocket Books, 1972.


The Strong Man: John Mitchell and the Secrets of Watergate by James Rosen. Doubleday, 2008.


Subversives: the FBI’s War on Student Radicals and Reagan’s Rise to Power by Seth Rosenfeld. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2012.


Eldridge Cleaver by Kathleen Rout. Twayne Publishers, 1991.


Underground: My Life with SDS and the Weathermen by Mark Rudd. William Morrow, 2009.


Sixties Going on Seventies by Nora Sayre. Arbor House, 1973.


Orange Sunshine: The Brotherhood of Eternal Love and Its Quest to Spread Peace, Love, and Acid to the World by Nicholas Schou. St. Martin’s Press, 2011.


Seize The Time: The Story of the Black Panther Party by

Bobby Seale. Random House, 1970.


Timothy Leary's Trip Thru Time by R.U. Sirius. www.timothyleary.org, 2013.


Timothy Leary, the Madness of the Sixties and Me by Charles W. Slack. P.H. Wyden, 1974.


Steal this Dream: Abbie Hoffman and the Countercultural Revolution in America by Larry Sloman. Doubleday, 1998.


An International History of the Black Panther Party by Jennifer B. Smith. Routledge, 2015.


With the Weathermen: The Personal Journal of a Revolutionary Woman by Susan Stern. Doubleday, 1975.


The Arrogance of Power: The Secret World of Richard Nixon by Anthony Summer. Penguin, 2001.


Storming Heaven: LSD and The American Dream, Jay Stevens, Grove Press, 1987.


The Brotherhood of Eternal Love: From Flower Power to Hippie Mafia: The Story of the LSD Counterculture by Stewart Tendler and David May. Cyan Communications, 2007.


Fighting Injustice by Michael E. Tigar. American Bar Association, 2003.


Can’t Find My Way Home: America in the Great Stoned Age, 1945-2000 by Martin Torgoff. Simon & Schuster, 2004.


Radicals on the Road: Internationalism, Orientalism, and Feminism during the Vietnam Era by Judy Tzu-Chun Wu. Cornell University Press, 2013.


[U.S. Congress] Full committee consideration of report of Intelligence Subcommittee regarding G. Gordon Liddy. July, 1973.


[U.S. Congress] Hashish smuggling and passport fraud: “the brotherhood of eternal love”: hearing before the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-third Congress, first session, October 3, 1973.


Flying Close to the Sun: My Life and Times as a Weatherman by Cathy Wilkerson. Seven Stories Press. 2007.


Nixon Agonistes by Garry Wills. Mariner Books, 2002.


The Final Days by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein. Simon and Schuster, 1976.


Eldridge Cleaver: My Friend the Devil, A Memoir by Marvin X. Black Bird Press, 2009.


Bringing the War Home: The Weather Underground, the Red Army Faction, and Revolutionary Violence in the Sixties and Seventies by Jeremy Varon. University of California Press, 2004.


One Man Against the World: The Tragedy of Richard Nixon by Tim Weiner. Henry Holt, 2015.


The Parisian Jazz Chronicles: An Improvisational Memoir by Mike Zwerin. Yale University Press, 2005.





Newspapers and magazines consulted:


Berkeley Barb

Black Panther Party newspaper

East Village Other

LA Weekly


New York Times


Los Angeles Free Press

Los Angeles Times


Rolling Stone

San Francisco Chronicle

San Francisco Examiner

Village Voice

Washington Post



Specific articles of note:


“Nixon Gives Elvis a Narcotics Badge” by Jack Anderson. Clipping in Timothy Leary papers.


“Race, Rage & Eldridge Cleaver by Jervis Anderson. Commentary, 1968.


“Panther Rift Rocks Whole Radical Left by Ross K. Baker. The Washington Post. March 21, 1971.


“Revolution on Ice: How the Black Panthers Lost the FBI’s War of Dirty Tricks” By Lowell Bergman, David Weir. Rolling Stone. September 9, 1976.


“Comrades Recall Stew Albert” by Richard Brenneman. The Berkeley Daily Planet. June 16, 2006.


"Tim Leary and the Long Arm of the Law" by Bill Cardoso. Rolling Stone, March 15, 1973.


 “A Revolutionary Bust in Algiers” by Rudolph Chelminski, LIFE. Mar 26, 1971.


“Souled Out” by Kate Coleman. New West, May 1980.


“Getting High with Jennifer” by Jennifer Dohrn. Good Times, January 8, 1971.


 “Laguna on Acid: The Great Hippie Christmas Invasion of 1970” by Bob Emmers. OC Weekly, December 31, 1998.


“Huey Newton: Twenty-Five Floors from the Street by Tim Findley. Rolling Stone. August 3, 1972.


“Our Other Man in Algiers” by Sanche de Gramont. New York Times. November 1, 1970.


“Why Eldridge Cleaver is a Wife-beater” by Warren Hinckle (clipping, Huey Newton Papers.)


“Anita and the Blow-Up Doll: Death of a Yippie” by Paul Krassner. Tikkun, May/June 1999.


“Panthers Open International HQ” by Elaine Klein. The Guardian. October 3, 1970.


“How Our Paranoias Are Hyped for Fame and Profit” by Timothy Leary. National Review. April 16, 1976.


"Tim Leary, Won't You Please Come Home?" by Alan Levy. Penthouse, March 1973.


“The Decline and Fall of Eldridge Cleaver” by Claude Lewis. Philly.com June 10, 1992.


“A Soul on Ice, a Life on Hold: Eldridge Cleaver’s Failure” by Claude Lewis. Philly.com May 13, 1998.


“Uptight in Babylon: Eldridge Cleaver’s ‘Cold War’” by Sean L. Malloy. Diplomatic History (2013) 37 (3): 538-571.


“With the Panthers in Algiers” by Robert Manning. In Alternative Features Service, Vol 2, Packet 72, November 10, 1972. Berkeley, CA: Privately Published, 1972.


“The Exiles: An Interview of Kathleen Cleaver” by Madeline Murphy. ChickenBones: A Journal. Originally published in Madeline Murphy Speaks. C H Fairfax Co, 1988.


“Eldridge Cleaver in Algiers: A Visit with Papa Rage” by Gordon Parks. Life. Feb 6, 1970.


“Leary in Limbo” by Donn Pearce. Playboy. July 1971.


“The President, Politics, and the Police: Consequences of the 1970 ‘Stoning’ of Richard M. Nixon at the San Jose Civic Auditorium” by Kathryn Collins Philp. Privately printed. April 15, 2005.


“William Eagleton Remembered as Adventurous Spirit, Skilled Diplomat by Elaine S. Povich. Peoria Journal-Star, July 16, 2011.


“Stew Albert’s Radical Life, 1939-2006” by Michael Simmons. Counterpunch. February 2, 2006.


“Old Con, Black Panther, Brilliant Writer and Quintessential American” by Harvey Swados. New York Times, September 7, 1969.


"Bring Me the Head of Timothy Leary" by Craig Vetter. Playboy, September 1975.


“North Korea and the American Radical Left” by Benjamin R. Young. (Wilson center north korea documentation project) https://www.wilsoncenter.org/publication/north-korea-and-the-american-radical-left


“Soul on Acid, Leary in Algiers” by Michael Zwerin. OZ magazine 33, 1971.


“Free Tim, Again.” The Berkeley Barb, February 5-11, 1971.


“Algerian Acid Cap-Tives: Free Tim, Again. Free All Political Prisoners.” Berkeley Barb, Feb 5-11, 1971.


“Suppressed Issue: Guerrilla War in the USA” Scanlan’s. January 1971.


“Eye on Kathleen Cleaver.” Women’s Wear Daily, Nov 21, 1968.


“Remembering Stew Albert” http://www.emptymirrorbooks.com/thirdpage/Albertrememberance.html



Other Sources:


Timothy Leary Archives, website maintained by Michael Horowitz: http://www.timothylearyarchives.org/


Numerous recordings of Leary interviews, speeches, talks can be heard at the Psychedelic Salon Podcast: https://psychedelicsalon.com


Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training Foreign Affairs Oral History Project. Interviews with: Ambassador Allen C. Davis, Interviewed by Peter Moffat, 1998. Laurent E. Morin, Interviewed by Charles Stuart Kennedy, 1992. Philip C. Brown, Interviewed by Charles Stuart Kennedy, 2012.


Global Terrorism Database: https://www.start.umd.edu/gtd/


Joanna Harcourt-Smith’s Future Primitive podcast: http://www.futureprimitive.org/


Interview with Rosemary Woodruff Leary. http://www.mavericksofthemind.com/rosemary.htm


“An Interview with Donald Cox, former Field Marshall, Black Panther Party” by Safiya Bukhari. (online)


Interviews with Eldridge Cleaver in Playboy and Rolling Stone


Interviews with Timothy Leary in Playboy.


Interview with James Senner by authors via email.


Interview with John Schewel by authors via email.


Interview with Albert Hofmann by Michael Horowitz. High Times, November 1976.


Interview with Joanna Harcourt-Smith: Psychedelic Salon Podcast # 303, March 12, 2012.


What I Remember About My Life by David F. Phillips. http://www.radbash.com/autobiography/, 2010


Field Marshall Donald Cox. Produced by Roz B. Payne. Newsreel Films, 2006.


Eldridge Cleaver, Black Panther directed by William Klein, 1970.


The Weather Underground directed by Sam Green and Bill Siegel. Independent Lens, 2002.


Return Engagement (Leary and Liddy) directed by Alan Rudolph, 1983.